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Health News Results - 814

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Early surgery to fix tears in a shoulder rotator cuff muscle is a good idea because it improves strength, function and other outcomes in the long term, a new study from France finds.

Researchers also believe this kind of repair can prevent the rotator cuff muscle from deteriorating.

This kind of repair "maintained considerable im...

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Caffeine may help patients wake up more quickly after general anesthesia, an animal study suggests.

Adult rats were given a 3 percent concentration of a general anesthetic for one hour to simulate effects of a brief surgical procedure. During the last 10 minutes of anesthetic exposure, they received an injection of either caffeine or a salt so...

MONDAY, Aug. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hernia surgery patients may require far fewer opioid painkillers than they're prescribed, new research suggests.

The study included 186 adult patients who had elective inguinal ("groin") hernia repair surgery under local anesthesia with intravenous sedation.

Each patient received a prescription for 10 tablets of the opioid painkille...

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- People who choose alternative medicine over traditional cancer treatments for curable cancers have a higher risk of dying early, researchers report.

"We now have evidence to suggest that using alternative medicine in place of proven cancer therapies results in worse survival," said study lead author Dr. Skyler Johnson from Yale School of Me...

THURSDAY, Aug. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Five years after heart bypass surgery, patients whose operation was done using a heart-lung pump lived longer than those whose surgeons didn't use the device, a new study finds.

Since the 1990s, two different approaches have been commonly used by heart surgeons to perform coronary artery bypass graft operations. Coronary artery bypass creat...

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Painkiller prescriptions that lead to prolonged opioid use tend to be written by doctors in outpatient settings, not hospitals, new research indicates.

Initial use of opioids such as OxyContin (oxycodone) and Vicodin (hydrocodone) is most often tied to spine and orthopedic disorders, but not surgery, said researcher and orthopedic surgeon D...

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Alternative drug-free interventions to manage pain, including acupuncture and electrotherapy, may help reduce the need for prescription painkillers after knee replacement surgery, a new review suggests.

"As prescription opioid use is under national scrutiny and because surgery has been identified as an avenue for addiction, it is important...

THURSDAY, Aug. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obese heart surgery patients spend more time in intensive care and take longer to recover than those who aren't obese, a new Canadian study finds.

Researchers examined data from nearly 5,400 patients who had heart surgery at the New Brunswick Heart Center between January 2006 and December 2013. Of those, 36 percent were obese.

Afte...

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who have an artery-opening procedure called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have similar outcomes whether they're treated at so-called safety-net or non-safety-net hospitals, researchers say.

Safety-net hospitals, which provide care to low-income Americans who are uninsured or underinsured, tend to have fewer resources than ot...

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new treatment might open the door for more patients with advanced kidney disease to get a transplant, a preliminary study suggests.

Of the 100,000-plus Americans waiting for a donor kidney, about one-third are "sensitized," said Dr. Robert Montgomery, director of the Transplant Institute at NYU Langone in New York City.

Those pat...

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Surgery patients are usually prescribed opioids to ease postoperative pain, but more than two-thirds end up with leftover narcotics and don't get rid of them, according to a new report.

Moreover, most patients who have the extra opioid pills don't lock them away, but leave them accessible to possible abuse by others, the researchers said.

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new surgical procedure can help people with shoulder injuries once considered beyond repair, a small new study suggests.

Out of 100 patients who had the surgery in the study, all 26 of those who had played sports before the surgery were able to play sports again afterwards. Thirty-two patients who had jobs lifting heavy workloads were able ...

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obese patients don't need to lose weight before undergoing knee or hip replacement surgery, a new study contends.

"Severely obese patients can benefit a lot from the surgery," said study lead author Wenjun Li, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

"Patients who can lose weight should, ...

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- People who undergo knee surgery for a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can expect to stay active and maintain a high quality of life, researchers report.

Activity levels may decline over time, but a new study found that those who had the knee operation could usually still play sports 10 years later.

"An active patient may view a...

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A laser treatment can reduce spots in people's vision known as "floaters," a new study finds.

"Floaters often arise as the vitreous -- a gel-like substance that fills the eye -- contracts and pulls away from the back of the eye," explained ophthalmologist Dr. Naomi Goldberg, who reviewed the new research. She works at the Manhattan Eye, Ear ...

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons performing mastectomies can offer a form of the procedure that allows women to retain the nipple for use in breast reconstruction.

Now, a reassuring study finds that this type of mastectomy doesn't raise a woman's risk for breast cancer recurrence.

"More women are requesting nipple-sparing mastectomy because of the superi...

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A pending pathology report will reveal the health risk posed by a blood clot that forced U.S. Sen. John McCain to undergo brain surgery last week, experts say.

The future of the Affordable Care Act may rest on McCain's recovery and return to Congress. A Senate vote to repeal the ACA -- often called Obamacare -- was shelved after McCain, 80, un...

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Men with early stage prostate cancer who have surgery to remove their tumor do not live longer than those who receive no treatment at all, a long-running clinical trial has concluded.

At the same time, nearly one in three men who had the surgery wound up with long-term complications, such as urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction, sai...

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Contrary to his youthful, vibrant public image, former President John F. Kennedy privately battled chronic, debilitating back pain much of his life.

A new report chronicles JFK's pain issues and the many treatments he received throughout the years. The report includes private details -- from multiple failed spinal surgeries and narcotic inje...

MONDAY, June 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Men who take erectile dysfunction drugs need to alert the anesthetist before having surgery or other medical procedures, hospital experts say.

Erectile dysfunction drugs such as Viagra and Cialis contain nitric oxide, which opens blood vessels and relaxes muscles. If they are combined with anesthesia and other medication used during surgery, a...

FRIDAY, June 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- People over age 65 shouldn't avoid surgery for a herniated disc just because of their age. Seniors benefit from the procedure as much as younger patients, Norwegian research shows.

The study involved more than 5,500 people with a herniated, or "slipped" disc. The condition occurs when one of the discs that cushions bones in the spine gets dama...

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A simple procedure may help women who are suffering from fibroids without jeopardizing their future fertility, a new study suggests.

Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) blocks blood flow to fibroids so they stop growing or shrink. But the technique hasn't been recommended for women who hope to conceive since it was unclear if blood flow might ...

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women who are victims of abuse may be at increased risk for unnecessary ovary removal, a new study suggests.

"Our current findings suggest that physical, emotional or sexual abuse predisposes women to seek medical attention for multiple gynecological symptoms, such as abdominal pain or excessive bleeding," said study co-author Dr. Liliana Gaz...

THURSDAY, June 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Removing all lymph nodes in the vicinity of a melanoma skin cancer may not increase a patient's overall chances for survival, a new study concludes.

This invasive procedure -- called complete lymph node dissection -- is a standard but hotly debated treatment for melanoma, the deadliest type of skin cancer.

For the study, investigat...

FRIDAY, June 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients deciding whether to have a double knee replacement must carefully consider the pros and cons, an orthopedic surgeon says.

"Many people want to have a double knee replacement because they feel they can get it over with faster since there's one surgery, one hospital stay and one course of rehabilitation," said Dr. Geoffrey Westrich.

...

FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A type of weight-loss surgery -- called Roux-en-Y gastric bypass -- triggers major changes in the microbial population of the digestive tract, a new study finds.

Specifically, the procedure leads to increased diversity of bacteria in the gut, and a microbial population distinct from obese and normal-weight people, researchers found.

"...

TUESDAY, May 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- If you're planning on having knee replacement surgery at some point in the future, it's a good idea to start talking to your doctor now about your options for controlling pain.

That's because new research found that when people had taken powerful opioid painkillers before knee replacement surgery, they had greater pain after the procedure.

MONDAY, May 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Until Gearah Goldstein fully transitioned her gender, being female housed in a male body felt like a hunger she couldn't satisfy.

A vital part of Goldstein's transition involved multiple gender confirmation surgeries several years ago that aligned her appearance with the person she's always felt like inside.

Goldstein's experience hi...

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 1 in 4 people with a mechanical heart valve says the noise it makes disrupts their sleep, a new study finds.

"For some patients the closing sound of their mechanical heart valve reduces their quality of life, disturbs their sleep, causes them to avoid social situations, and leads to depression and anxiety," said study lead author Kjersti...

WEDNESDAY, May 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- "Keyhole" arthroscopic surgery should rarely be used to repair arthritic knee joints, a panel of international experts says in new clinical guidelines.

Clinical trials have shown that keyhole surgery doesn't help people suffering from arthritis of the knees any more than mild painkillers, physical therapy or weight loss, said lead author ...

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- When it comes to treating pancreatic cancer, where you have your surgery may have some impact on how long you live, according to a new study.

The researchers found that people who travel to an academic medical center to undergo surgery for pancreatic cancer live a few months longer than those who choose to have their operation at a hospital clos...

WEDNESDAY, April 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests additional evidence that Parkinson's disease may originate in the gut.

Though experts called the findings preliminary, Swedish scientists found that patients whose main trunk of the vagus nerve -- which extends from the brain stem to the abdomen -- was removed were markedly less likely to develop the movement disorder...

WEDNESDAY, April 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women with abdominal aortic aneurysms have far worse outcomes than men, and their treatment needs to be dramatically improved, British researchers report.

An abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs when there is weakening and ballooning of the wall of the aorta -- the largest artery which carries blood from the heart through the abdomen to the re...

TUESDAY, April 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A highly sensitive blood test can identify patients with a raised risk of death in the month after surgery, a large study suggests.

On average, 1 percent of patients die within 30 days after noncardiac surgery -- most from a heart attack, said researcher Dr. P.J. Devereaux, a professor at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada.

T...

WEDNESDAY, April 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Close to half of breast cancer patients who chose to have a double mastectomy after genetic testing didn't actually have the gene mutations known to raise the risk of additional cancers, a new survey found.

"That was a bit surprising, because we wouldn't typically expect that surgery to be conducted for women if they don't have a risk-caus...

WEDNESDAY, April 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Some surgery patients prescribed opioids for post-operative pain relief may face a high risk for developing a long-term opioid addiction, new research warns.

The analysis tracked a half-year of opioid use among more than 36,000 surgery patients. None had taken opioids before their surgical procedure.

"We found that 5 to 6 percen...

WEDNESDAY, April 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Are Americans actually trying to keep up with the Kardashians -- the celebrity family focused on looking good?

Maybe, because people are spending more than ever before in the quest to look younger and more attractive. A new report from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) found that Americans spent $16 billion on cosmetic...

FRIDAY, April 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Gallbladder removal may not always necessary for gallstone pancreatitis, a new study suggests.

Gallstone pancreatitis occurs when one or more gallstones gets stuck in a duct in the pancreas. This blocks pancreatic enzymes from leaving the pancreas and traveling to the small intestine to aid in digestion. When those enzymes back up into the pan...

FRIDAY, April 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients recovering from back surgery often struggle with pain and anxiety, but new research shows that music therapy may help ease their discomfort.

Medication is commonly used to manage pain for people who've had surgery to treat a spinal problem.

For the new study, researchers from Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City provided 30...

FRIDAY, April 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- If you have surgery on your calendar, don't wait until the last minute to start preparing, especially if you're going to need anesthesia.

The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists says you're more likely to avoid complications if you follow these five tips:

  • Stop taking unnecessary medications. Only use necessary, a...

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hip or knee replacement patients who smoke are at increased risk for infections requiring repeat surgery, researchers report.

They analyzed data from more than 15,000 patients who underwent either total hip or knee replacements between 2000 and 2014. The investigators found that the overall risk of repeat surgery for infections within 90 da...

WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Surgery to remove melanoma -- the deadliest form of skin cancer -- can extend the lives of patients whose disease has spread to the abdomen area, new research suggests.

Patients who get drug therapy and surgery to remove their cancer live twice as long -- 18 months on average -- as those who only get medication, researchers found.

THURSDAY, March 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children who suffer through multiple ear infections are often candidates for ear tube surgery. But a new study finds that the use of one type of ear drops -- quinolones -- after these surgeries may raise a child's risk for a perforated eardrum.

Children who received post-surgical quinolones were 60 percent more likely to suffer eardrum perf...

WEDNESDAY, March 29, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In certain areas of the United States, more women diagnosed with early stage breast cancer are choosing to have the unaffected breast removed, new research finds.

The study also found that younger women are especially likely to have the second breast removed.

Nearly half of women under age 45 diagnosed with early breast cancer in...

TUESDAY, March 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Knee replacement surgery isn't always a game changer, according to a new study that raises questions about the increasingly common procedure.

The patients who benefit most have severe osteoarthritis. But for people with milder symptoms, the expense might not be justified, researchers determined.

"This study suggests we should reco...

SATURDAY, March 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Whether your doctor recommends surgery for a ruptured Achilles tendon may depend partly on your age and activity level, foot experts say.

The Achilles tendon is a band of tissue that runs down the back of the lower leg and connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. A rupture is a complete or partial tear of the tendon that leaves the heel b...

FRIDAY, March 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Weight doesn't seem to affect whether a common type of knee surgery will be successful, a new study shows.

About 15 percent of meniscal repair surgeries fail, researchers said. It's been widely believed that patients with a higher body mass index (BMI) are at increased risk for failure because more weight puts more pressure on the knee. BMI i...

TUESDAY, March 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The long-term side effects of different prostate cancer treatments vary -- and knowing that may help men decide which one is right for them.

That's the conclusion of two new studies published March 21 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Both followed men who had early stage prostate cancer treated with "moder...

MONDAY, March 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients undergoing a surgical procedure to treat an irregular heartbeat are less likely to suffer problematic bleeding when given the blood thinner Pradaxa rather than warfarin, a new study finds.

The two blood thinners were evaluated in a study of more than 600 patients. All had a minimally invasive procedure called catheter ablation to co...

THURSDAY, March 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Quitting smoking before knee or hip replacement surgery may cut the risk of complications after surgery, a new study suggests.

Instead of just telling people to quit smoking, these findings suggest that doctors should guide people into pre-surgery smoking-cessation programs for smokers, the researchers said.

"We've known that smok...

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Wellness Library Results - 7

Like everyone else who has open-heart surgery, Sharon Earp sports a scar that cuts across her chest from her sternum to just below the clavicle. But unlike many other heart surgery patients, Earp doesn't wear turtlenecks to hide the scars. Instead, the 45-year-old administrative assistant dons t-shirts and v-necks, which invites strangers to ask her about the surgery that saved her life seven year...

Do I need heart bypass surgery? Many people with coronary heart disease owe their lives to heart bypass surgery. In this operation, a surgeon uses a vessel from another part of the body to create a detour around a blocked artery, thus restoring blood flow to the heart. A report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology called the operation -- first pioneered in the 1960s -- "one of the...

What's so smart about teeth that only cause trouble? "Wisdom teeth" may seem like a misnomer, especially since people often have to have them removed. But these teeth -- also known as third molars -- usually arrive in the late teen years, a time traditionally seen as the passage to adulthood and an age of wisdom, hence the optimistic name. The main problem is that wisdom teeth usually try to grow...

What is scoliosis? Nobody has a completely straight spine. Even if you sit as stiff as a board, the vertebrae in the middle of your back gently and naturally curve inward. Some people's spines, however, take a different sort of turn. In addition to curving inward, they curve from side to side. This condition is called scoliosis, from the Greek word for crooked, "skoliosis." Most cases of scolios...

You've made it through many of the hard choices in your breast cancer treatment only to confront another major one: whether -- and when -- to have your breast (or breasts) reconstructed after your mastectomy. Some women want a fully reconstructed breast that looks as much as possible like the original. Others want a new breast that simply helps them look the way they like in a bathing suit. Still ...

To treat prostate cancer, doctors perform tens of thousands of surgeries each year. In recent years, one procedure -- called a radical prostatectomy -- has become a fine art, says J. Brantley Thrasher, MD, a professor of urologic surgery at the University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City. While side effects like incontinence and impotence are still major concerns, most patients respond well...

You go to the hospital when you are sick or injured and need care. The last thing you expect is that the hospital will make you sicker. But for up to 10 percent of hospital patients, that's exactly what happens. It turns out that hospitals are a breeding ground for infections -- many of which are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estim...

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