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Health News Results - 759

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Skipping surgery and treating appendicitis with antibiotics alone may be a safe approach for many children, a new analysis suggests.

Reviewing 10 studies on more than 400 young patients, researchers found that nonsurgical treatment for an inflamed appendix appeared effective overall. But, appendicitis recurred in 14 percent of patients, and th...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There's more evidence that obese patients with type 2 diabetes can control the disease better with weight-loss surgery, compared to medication alone.

New research shows that five years after weight-loss surgery, known as bariatric surgery, those who had the procedure showed better improvements in quality of life and overall health, and some...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons with a history of patient complaints regarding their personalities or attitude are also more likely to make mistakes in the operating room, a new study finds.

Researchers compared surgical outcomes with patient reports of unprofessional behavior by their doctors at several health systems in the United States.

The investig...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While implanted defibrillators can deliver a potentially lifesaving shock to a heart that's beating erratically, patients often wind up in the emergency room or the hospital needing medical procedures afterwards, a new study shows.

That was the case whether the shock was needed or not, and in 38 percent of cases it wasn't, the researchers ...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly one in 10 patients seeking facial plastic surgery suffers from a mental illness that distorts their perception of physical defects, but doctors often don't spot the problem, new research suggests.

Researchers found that plastic surgeons correctly identified the diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in less than 5 percent of pat...

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Because of stringent tonsillectomy guidelines, some kids who could benefit from tonsil removal surgery aren't getting it, two new reviews suggest.

To qualify for the surgery, a child must have many recurring throat infections within a short span of time or severe sleep disturbances, said Dr. Sivakumar Chinnadurai, a co-author of the reviews.<...

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Here's yet another reason to watch your child's weight: Overweight and obese kids seem to be more likely than others to develop a wound infection after surgery, a new study suggests.

Researchers have already documented this connection in adults. But, "research on this topic among children and adolescents is scarce," said study co-author Dr. ...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- MRI scans might help doctors protect critical areas of the brain before surgery to treat epilepsy, new guidelines suggest.

Scientists found the scans may be a safer and less invasive alternative to another more commonly used procedure, according to the American Academy of Neurology (AAN).

When medication doesn't effectively contro...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Migraine sufferers may face a slightly higher risk of stroke after an operation, a new study suggests.

The risk appears greatest among those who experience migraine with aura, where the headache also includes a visual disturbance, such as the appearance of flashing lights.

People with these types of migraines have more than do...

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Weight-loss surgery helps severely obese teens keep extra pounds off long-term, new research confirms.

However, the authors of the two new studies also found that some young people may need additional surgery to manage complications associated with their rapid post-surgery weight loss.

Some young patients may also develop nutritional ...

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Lung cancer chemotherapy that's been delayed due to slow recovery from surgery can still provide real benefit to patients, a new study suggests.

The study involved thousands of patients with non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC), which comprise about 90 percent of all lung tumors. Lung cancer remains the leading cancer killer in the United State...

THURSDAY, Dec. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- While weight-loss surgery can help obese people drop unwanted pounds, a new study suggests the procedure may also trigger long-lasting tummy troubles for many patients.

Dutch researchers found that people who had the most common type of weight-loss surgery -- known as laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass -- suffered gastrointestinal problem...

FRIDAY, Dec. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Surgery that preserves the lung, when combined with other therapies, appears to extend the lives of people with a subtype of the rare and deadly cancer mesothelioma, a new study suggests.

Tracking 73 patients with advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma -- which affects the lungs' protective lining in the chest cavity -- researchers found that...

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most cardiologists in the United States are men, and many female cardiologists report discrimination in the workplace, a new survey finds.

"We need to increase the diversity of our workforce, and find ways to recruit higher numbers of women and underrepresented minorities," said survey senior author Dr. Claire Duvernoy, chair of the Women in...

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many women with early stage breast cancer choose to have their healthy opposite breast removed, even when there are no medical indications that such a step is necessary, a new survey finds.

That's especially true when the surgeon doesn't offer a recommendation either way, the researchers said.

"We are seeing that one in six breast...

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Far fewer surgical patients become conscious while under general anesthesia than previously believed, researchers report.

Of 260 patients examined on the operating table, less than 5 percent showed consciousness in response to stimuli, an international team of researchers found. The patients were tested before the s...

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women have a higher survival rate than men after a specific type of heart valve replacement procedure, a new study finds.

The procedure is called a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Researchers looked at information from more than 23,000 heart patients. They all had TAVR between 2011 and 2014. The study included nearly an equal nu...

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- After actress Angelina Jolie had both breasts removed because she faced a heightened risk for breast cancer, there was a spike in the number of women who were tested for the genes that raise that risk. But, there was no corresponding increase in mastectomy rates, researchers report.

Jolie's 2013 announcement about her decision was delivered ...

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Why is it so difficult and painful for human females to give birth? Researchers have developed a new theory: Evolution favored small female pelvises and large newborns for good reasons.

And, the researchers said, the rise of cesarean sections -- the surgical delivery of a baby -- in recent decades may be contributing to an even bigger gap betwe...

FRIDAY, Dec. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nine out of 10 Lasik laser eye surgery patients report satisfaction afterwards. But a sizable percentage experience new visual disturbances -- like seeing halos around lights -- up to six months after the procedure, a new study finds.

"While Lasik has long since been proven safe and effective over decades of use, a small but significant subset ...

FRIDAY, Dec. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Plastic surgery patients should avoid smoking e-cigarettes for at least four weeks before their procedures, two plastic surgeons advise.

Patients who smoke are believed to face a higher risk of skin flap failure, apparently because nicotine reduces blood flow, the surgeons said.

"Based on our current best knowledge, it seems reasonabl...

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who've recently undergone surgery -- especially those with cancer or autoimmune diseases -- experience slightly higher risks of developing a rare muscle disorder soon afterward, new research suggests.

Evaluating 20 years of data, Mayo Clinic scientists found that 15 percent of patients who developed Guillain-Barre syndrome had unde...

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Surgery for back pain can often improve patients' sex lives, researchers report.

"The impetus behind our study was to initiate the process of understanding how back surgery affects patients' lives," wrote the researchers led by orthopedic surgeon Dr. Shane Burch, from the University of California, San Francisco.

"An important aspect...

MONDAY, Nov. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Weight-loss surgery may significantly reduce obese people's risk of heart failure, a new study indicates.

Researchers compared more than 25,800 obese people who had weight-loss (bariatric) surgery with more than 13,700 obese people who tried to lose weight through a program of major lifestyle changes. Both groups had no history of heart failur...

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new Swedish study suggests that children exposed to surgical anesthesia before the age of 4 may have slightly lower school grades and IQ scores in their late teen years.

But the study didn't prove that exposure to anesthesia was responsible.

Dr. Pia Glatz, from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, and colleagues examined the medic...

FRIDAY, Nov. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Obese patients who swallowed balloon capsules that helped them eat less lost an average of 15 pounds, roughly two times more weight than patients who just dieted and exercised, researchers report.

The capsule was inflated with gas via a catheter when it reached the stomach. As many as three balloons were placed over three months, and all of the...

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Even with repeated cleanings, it's virtually impossible to remove all contamination from robotic surgical instruments, a new study suggests.

"One of the top priorities for hospitals is to treat patients safely and with minimal risk of infection," said study author Yuhei Saito, an assistant professor at the University of Tokyo Hospital in Japan...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Weight-loss surgeries can help severely obese teens shed pounds. And now a study finds these procedures can also pay for themselves in health care savings over time.

"Our analysis indicates that it can also be cost-effective when assessed over a relatively short time horizon," wrote a team led by Dr. Chin Hur of Massachusetts General Hospit...

MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Using the freshest blood for transfusions does not appear to boost patient survival, a new Canadian study indicates.

"It's been a contentious issue, but our study finally puts an end to the question about whether stored blood could be harmful and fresher blood would be better," said lead author Nancy Heddle. She is a professor emeritus of medi...

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Using cells from the cartilage in patients' noses, Swiss doctors have successfully made patches to treat 10 adults whose knee cartilage was damaged by injury.

Two years after the transplants, most of the patients grew new cartilage in their knees and reported improvements in pain, knee function and quality of life.

"We have develo...

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new study challenges the belief that women are more likely than men to develop kidney damage after heart surgery.

Researchers reviewed 64 studies that included more than 1 million patients to see the actual risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) after heart surgery. AKI is a sudden decrease in kidney function. This condition can occur when kidn...

TUESDAY, Oct. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new type of plaster cast might help older adults avoid surgery for unstable ankle fractures, researchers say.

"Older adults -- those over 60 -- are suffering an increasing number of ankle fractures from leading more active lifestyles and the rising prevalence of osteoporosis," said study author Keith Willett.

"However, we know tha...

TUESDAY, Oct. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Fear of cancer recurrence seems to be a primary reason why breast cancer patients choose to have their cancer-free breast removed at the same time as their affected breast, a new study finds.

The rate of this type of surgery -- called contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) -- doubled in the United States in the past 10 years. Recent data...

TUESDAY, Oct. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People having elective surgery on Fridays are no more likely to die than people who undergo procedures any other weekday, a large Canadian study suggests.

Prior studies have shown a higher risk of death among patients opting for surgery on Fridays, the authors behind the new study said. One British study found a 44 percent increase in death r...

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep apnea may boost the odds of developing two serious health complications following surgery.

So, finding out if you have the sleep disorder beforehand -- and seeking treatment -- could boost your odds for good recovery from surgery, researchers say.

The two post-op complications are blood clots in the veins and an irregular heart...

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors with hip fractures may be more likely to die if they're treated in smaller community hospitals than in large teaching hospitals, a new Canadian study suggests.

About 10 percent of hip fracture patients in Canada die in the hospital, but little is known about how changes to patient care could improve survival, the study authors said.

THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Special devices used during open heart surgery may have been contaminated with bacteria that puts patients at risk for life-threatening infections, U.S. health officials warned Thursday.

Some LivaNova PLC (formerly Sorin Group Deutschland GmbH) Stockert 3T heater-cooler devices, which are used during many open heart surgeries, might have bee...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare pays some U.S. hospitals two to three times more than others to care for older adults who experience complications after major surgery, a new analysis finds.

Those higher payments aren't always associated with better clinical care, the study authors said.

The findings suggest that some hospitals deal with surgical compli...

THURSDAY, Oct. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Screening older surgery patients for frailty could improve their outcomes and chances for survival, researchers say.

But frailty often goes unrecognized in these patients, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

"Patients with frail health have less ability to overcome stressors such as...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A team of doctors in Dallas is "cautiously optimistic" of success in what would be the first living-donor uterine transplant in the United States.

Doctors at Baylor University Medical Center said Wednesday that they performed four of the transplants in September, but only one has proven successful.

"During the past three weeks sinc...

TUESDAY, Oct. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Breast reconstruction immediately after breast removal surgery due to cancer may help reduce a patient's mental distress, a new study suggests.

This approach isn't always an option. However, the study finding suggests that immediate breast reconstruction "may protect breast cancer patients from a period of psychosocial distress, poor body imag...

FRIDAY, Sept. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Getting out of bed and moving around as soon as possible benefits surgical intensive care unit patients, a new study shows.

Among 200 surgical ICU patients in the United States, Germany and Austria, those encouraged to move around sooner than usual were discharged from the ICU and the hospital earlier than others, researchers found.

THURSDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors routinely give an antibiotic before a cesarean-section, the surgical delivery of a baby, to prevent infection in the mother. But, a new study suggests that adding a second antibiotic can cut the risk of infection even more.

The researchers found that adding azithromycin to standard antibiotic therapy cut infection rates by 50 perc...

TUESDAY, Sept. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of the narcotic painkillers prescribed after wisdom teeth removal go unused, according to a new study that suggests this could contribute to the U.S. opioid epidemic.

"When translated to the broad U.S. population, our findings suggest that more than 100 million opioid pills prescribed to patients following surgical removal of ...

FRIDAY, Sept. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with unsightly scars from cancer surgeries may benefit from "medical tattoos" that can help restore some of the skin's natural appearance, Dutch researchers report.

The researchers surveyed 56 patients who got medical tattoos on their head and neck, and found they were pleased with the results.

"The mystery until now was h...

THURSDAY, Sept. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Deep brain stimulation -- a technique that sends targeted electrical impulses to certain areas of the brain -- may help people who've had a traumatic brain injury gain more independence, a new study suggests.

"Traumatic brain injury is a common condition with over 80,000 new cases of disability each year," said Dr. Ali Rezai. He's director...

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines issued by three leading cancer organizations suggest that more breast cancer patients should consider radiation therapy after a mastectomy.

Overall, the guidelines say there's enough evidence to show radiation treatment after a mastectomy decreases the risk of breast cancer recurrence, and that even women with smaller tumors...

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A large, decade-long study offers new insights into the treatment dilemmas that many men diagnosed with prostate cancer face: What to do next?

The research finds that for certain men, death rates from prostate cancer were roughly the same over several years regardless of whether they chose to be monitored -- called "watchful waiting" -- or...

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Removing part of the skull to relieve pressure in the brain following a severe head injury can save a person's life, but the patient is often left permanently disabled, a new clinical trial has determined.

Doctors frequently turn to craniectomy for patients who are suffering from brain swelling as a result of traumatic head injury, but littl...

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Having major surgery at a high-quality hospital costs Medicare less than the same procedure at a low-quality hospital, a new study finds.

The savings come mostly from the cost of post-surgical care, the researchers said.

"In much of health care, better care costs more money but surgery may be one situation in which getting care at ...

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Wellness Library Results - 7

Like everyone else who has open-heart surgery, Sharon Earp sports a scar that cuts across her chest from her sternum to just below the clavicle. But unlike many other heart surgery patients, Earp doesn't wear turtlenecks to hide the scars. Instead, the 45-year-old administrative assistant dons t-shirts and v-necks, which invites strangers to ask her about the surgery that saved her life seven year...

Do I need heart bypass surgery? Many people with coronary heart disease owe their lives to heart bypass surgery. In this operation, a surgeon uses a vessel from another part of the body to create a detour around a blocked artery, thus restoring blood flow to the heart. A report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology called the operation -- first pioneered in the 1960s -- "one of the...

What's so smart about teeth that only cause trouble? "Wisdom teeth" may seem like a misnomer, especially since people often have to have them removed. But these teeth -- also known as third molars -- usually arrive in the late teen years, a time traditionally seen as the passage to adulthood and an age of wisdom, hence the optimistic name. The main problem is that wisdom teeth usually try to grow...

What is scoliosis? Nobody has a completely straight spine. Even if you sit as stiff as a board, the vertebrae in the middle of your back gently and naturally curve inward. Some people's spines, however, take a different sort of turn. In addition to curving inward, they curve from side to side. This condition is called scoliosis, from the Greek word for crooked, "skoliosis." Most cases of scolios...

You've made it through many of the hard choices in your breast cancer treatment only to confront another major one: whether -- and when -- to have your breast (or breasts) reconstructed after your mastectomy. Some women want a fully reconstructed breast that looks as much as possible like the original. Others want a new breast that simply helps them look the way they like in a bathing suit. Still ...

To treat prostate cancer, doctors perform tens of thousands of surgeries each year. In recent years, one procedure -- called a radical prostatectomy -- has become a fine art, says J. Brantley Thrasher, MD, a professor of urologic surgery at the University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City. While side effects like incontinence and impotence are still major concerns, most patients respond well...

You go to the hospital when you are sick or injured and need care. The last thing you expect is that the hospital will make you sicker. But for up to 10 percent of hospital patients, that's exactly what happens. It turns out that hospitals are a breeding ground for infections -- many of which are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estim...

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