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Battling Antibiotic Resistance

A high number of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions still being written, study finds.

Health News Results - 209

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- If you're planning a tropical getaway, be sure to pack old standbys like bug spray and sunscreen -- and maybe a lot more, a doctor advises.

"In places like the Caribbean and South and Central America, where it is already summertime, people can potentially be exposed to health risks that they may not have at home," said infectious disease speci...

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Skipping surgery and treating appendicitis with antibiotics alone may be a safe approach for many children, a new analysis suggests.

Reviewing 10 studies on more than 400 young patients, researchers found that nonsurgical treatment for an inflamed appendix appeared effective overall. But, appendicitis recurred in 14 percent of patients, and th...

FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors are more likely to prescribe antibiotics if they think patients expect the drugs, a new study finds.

That's true even if the doctor doesn't think the patient has a bacterial infection, which means antibiotics would be ineffective, the researchers said.

The study included more than 400 doctors in the United Kingdom. The resear...

MONDAY, Feb. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many people who think they're allergic to penicillin don't really have an allergy to this antibiotic, a pediatric expert says.

And anyone who thinks they have had an allergic reaction to penicillin should undergo an allergy test to ensure they really need to avoid these important drugs, Dr. Min Lee advised. She is a pediatric allergist at UT So...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A newly approved drug may help in the battle against Clostridium difficile -- a potentially fatal "superbug" gut infection that has become a scourge in U.S. hospitals.

In two clinical trials, researchers found that the drug, called bezlotoxumab (Zinplava), cut the risk of a recurrent C. difficile infection by almost 40 percent...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Overuse of antibiotics triggered a severe diarrhea outbreak in British hospitals that began in 2006, a new study reports.

Researchers analyzed hospital data related to the outbreak of Clostridium difficile, a "superbug" gut infection. The investigators concluded that reducing the use of fluoroquinolones -- antibiotics such as ciprof...

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A type of potentially deadly drug-resistant bacteria is more widespread in U.S. hospitals than previously thought and needs to be more closely monitored, a new study suggests.

Researchers checked for cases of illness caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in a sample of four U.S. hospitals and identified a wide variety ...

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A Nevada woman in her 70s who'd recently returned from India died in September from a "superbug" infection that resisted all antibiotics, according to a report released Friday.

The case raises concern about the spread of such infections, which have become more common over past decades as germs have developed resistance to widely used antibioti...

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A single fecal transplant delivered by enema is apparently no more effective than oral antibiotics in treating recurring cases of a nasty stomach bug, a Canadian study contends.

The study is the first head-to-head comparison between fecal transplant and the current standard of care of antibiotics in treating Clostridium difficile infec...

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A shorter period of antibiotic treatment for ear infections in young children does more harm than good, a new study finds.

About three-quarters of children have ear infections in their first year of life. These infections are the most common reason why children are given antibiotics, the University of Pittsburgh researchers noted.

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Despite evidence that certain drugs aren't always necessary, doctors are still prescribing these treatments, a new survey of doctors reveals.

Antibiotics are by far the drugs most frequently used in situations where they'll provide no value for patients. The survey found that more than a quarter of doctors surveyed (27 percent) said that antibi...

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have identified a troubling new type of antibiotic resistance among U.S. farm animals.

The drugs at issue are the carbapenem class of antibiotics. In hospitals, such drugs are considered a last line of defense against hard-to-treat bacterial infections.

In the United States, carbapenem antibiotics have been banned for veter...

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The war against infectious diseases -- medicine versus microbes -- has been holding steady, with the U.S. death rate from these diseases about the same now as it was in 1980, new research says.

But some of the specific disease threats have changed over the years, the study authors noted.

Researchers found that the national death rat...

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some workers at hog production facilities in the United States have skin infections from drug-resistant "superbugs," researchers report.

Hogs are given antibiotics to speed their growth. But, overuse of the drugs has been linked to the development of bacteria that don't respond to many antibiotics commonly used to treat staph infections, the r...

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotics taken orally are as effective -- and doubtless much more welcome -- than intravenous antibiotics for children recovering at home from complex pneumonia, a new study finds.

Youngsters with complex pneumonia typically have to take antibiotics for one to three weeks after they leave the hospital, the researchers noted.

To...

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotic-resistant infections are on the rise among American children, a new study finds.

Researchers analyzed blood samples collected from kids aged 1 to 17 who received outpatient, inpatient, intensive care unit and long-term care between 1999 and 2012.

During that time, the rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria sampl...

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts to improve the quality of care in the United States have had little impact on many aspects of outpatient care, a new, sweeping analysis shows.

The researchers examined the quality of office-based care -- meaning visits to physicians, physician assistants and nurse practitioners -- between 2002 and 2013.

Ongoing deficits in ca...

MONDAY, Oct. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- When a hospital patient is taking antibiotics, the next person to use the same bed may face an elevated risk of infection with the dangerous germ Clostridium difficile, a new study suggests.

C. difficile, a bacterium that causes inflammation of the colon and causes life-threatening diarrhea, is found in U.S. hospitals. Scientists...

THURSDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors routinely give an antibiotic before a cesarean-section, the surgical delivery of a baby, to prevent infection in the mother. But, a new study suggests that adding a second antibiotic can cut the risk of infection even more.

The researchers found that adding azithromycin to standard antibiotic therapy cut infection rates by 50 perc...

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gonorrhea appears to be developing resistance to the two antibiotics that constitute the last available treatment option for the sexually transmitted bacteria, U.S. health officials announced Wednesday.

Gonorrhea samples taken last spring from seven patients in Honolulu showed resistance to azithromycin at dramatically higher levels than t...

TUESDAY, Sept. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" remain a major public health threat, and only a multipronged attack can address the problem, a new U.S. government report warns.

The issue of antibiotic resistance isn't new, and experts have long called for measures to combat it. Still, more than 2 million Americans fall ill each year from infections that a...

MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Despite growing concerns about creating drug-resistant bacteria, overprescribing of antibiotics in U.S. hospitals didn't drop between 2006 and 2012, according to a new federal report.

Over that time period, 55 percent of patients received at least one dose of antibiotics during their hospital stay, whether it was needed or not, researchers fr...

FRIDAY, Sept. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have identified a new patient who carried a type of bacteria that is resistant to an antibiotic of last resort, bringing the number of cases reported in the United States to four.

All of the patients had E. coli with a gene called mcr-1, which makes the bacteria resistant to the antibiotic colistin, according to the U.S. Centers fo...

TUESDAY, Sept. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Taking antibiotics at a very young age could increase the risk of certain allergies later in life, new research suggests.

"Early life exposure to antibiotics is related to an increased risk of both eczema and hay fever later in life," said Fariba Ahmadizar of Utrecht University in the Netherlands and colleagues.

FRIDAY, Sept. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is banning most antibacterial soaps and body washes currently on store shelves, arguing that the products create potential health risks but don't perform any better than plain old soap and water.

The ban covers soaps and body washes containing triclosan and triclocarban, the two most common antibacterial i...

FRIDAY, Sept. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new decision-making tool for doctors may help reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics in children with respiratory tract infections and cough, researchers report.

Respiratory tract infections with cough are the most common reason children are prescribed antibiotics. But as many as one-third of those prescriptions may be unnecessary, the study ...

TUESDAY, Aug. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dentists are less likely to prescribe antibiotics for patients after seeing a "report card" on their past prescription rates, a new study from the United Kingdom says.

Previous research has suggested that dentists often prescribe antibiotics when they're not appropriate. Overuse of the drugs can contribute to antibiotic resistance.

...

MONDAY, Aug. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Repeated treatments with antibiotics were linked to the development of type 1 diabetes in mice, a new study finds.

Researchers gave the mice antibiotic doses equivalent to what kids receive to treat something like an ear infection.

After three antibiotic treatments, the researchers saw an "accelerated and enhanced rate of type 1 dia...

TUESDAY, July 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday that it's strengthening label warnings on a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones because the drugs can lead to disabling side effects, including long-term nerve damage and ruptured tendons.

The agency also cautioned that these bacteria-fighting drugs -- including levofloxacin (Le...

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Sewer line breaks can release antibiotic-resistant bacteria that pose a public health threat, a new study says.

Consider the 2014 sewer line break in St. Petersburg, Fla., that released 500,000 gallons of untreated wastewater into neighborhoods and Boca Ciega Bay.

University of South Florida researchers who did follow-up testing of s...

THURSDAY, July 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotic-resistant cases of the sexually transmitted illness gonorrhea have more than quadrupled in the United States.

This new data, from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, should serve as a warning that "the future of current treatment options may be in jeopardy," the agency said in a news release issued Thursday.

...

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have identified a second patient in the United States who was infected with a bacteria that is resistant to an antibiotic of last resort.

The new case involved a patient in New York, while the first reported case involved a woman from Pennsylvania. However, the New York patient was actually infected more than a year ago and the resi...

MONDAY, July 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Adding to fears about the overuse of antibiotics, a new Texas study finds that one in every 20 adults has hoarded the drugs and used them without a doctor's guidance.

For years, health experts have warned that overuse of antibiotics is leading to drug-resistant "superbug" bacteria that could pose dire health problems.

Self-diagnosis ...

WEDNESDAY, July 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health experts have long warned that antibiotics are overused, often prescribed for viral infections for which the drugs are useless.

A quick blood test to determine whether an infection is viral or bacterial would help curb the problem -- and scientists now say that test may come soon.

One family physician believes the screen coul...

THURSDAY, June 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In an alarming development, British public health experts have confirmed a case of throat gonorrhea that proved untreatable with the standard antibiotic regimen.

The patient, a heterosexual man who had just returned to the United Kingdom from Japan, wasn't cured by a pair of antibiotics used as the first-line gonorrhea treatment in many cou...

THURSDAY, June 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental antibiotic has shown promise against a dangerous drug-resistant bacteria in animals, researchers report.

A combination of the new antibiotic TXA709 and the antibiotic cefdinir successfully treated animals infected with the so-called "superbug" MRSA -- methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus.

The results a...

WEDNESDAY, June 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- When babies are born, the birth process covers their bodies with countless microbes that play crucial roles in their future health. But a new study suggests that these "microbiomes" are altered by cesarean births, antibiotics and formula feeding.

"The microbiome is really important in how a baby develops normally. We are doing things that a...

MONDAY, June 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early use of antibiotics may dampen some of the benefits of breast-feeding, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that babies who were prescribed antibiotics while they were breast-feeding or shortly afterward were prone to infections and obesity.

"In breast milk, unlike in formula milk, the infant receives bacteria from the moth...

THURSDAY, June 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Three-quarters of emergency room patients who received antibiotics to treat suspected sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) tested negative for the infections, a new study showed.

"We have to find the appropriate balance between getting people tested and treated for STDs, but not prescribing antibiotics to patients who don't need them," said r...

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. researchers have identified the nation's first patient with an infection resistant to all existing antibiotics.

Scientists have warned for years the day could come when "superbugs" resisted all last-resort antibiotics. This new case, involving a 49-year-old Pennsylvania woman, suggests that day may soon be here.

"It is the end o...

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many people who believe they're allergic to penicillin actually aren't, an allergist says.

"Hypersensitivity reactions are the major problem in the use of penicillin," said Dr. Thomas Leath, an allergist with the Texas A&M College of Medicine.

"Many people who report a penicillin allergy don't even know why. It could be because t...

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, a new federal government study shows.

"We were able to conclude that at least 30 percent of the antibiotics that are given in doctors' offices, emergency departments and hospital-based clinics are unnecessary, meaning that no...

THURSDAY, April 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of antibiotics in farm animal feed is helping drive the worldwide increase in antibiotic-resistant bacteria, researchers report.

"In the fight against the rise of antibiotic resistance, we need to understand that the use of one antibiotic or, in some cases, antibacterial disinfectants may increase the abundance of multidrug-resistant ba...

WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People with persistent symptoms associated with Lyme disease are unlikely to find relief from longer-term antibiotic therapy, according to a new Dutch study.

Although antibiotics are the correct therapy to treat Lyme disease when it is diagnosed early, longer-term use appears ineffective against the symptoms linked to the tick-borne illne...

MONDAY, March 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Painful ear infections remain a scourge of childhood, but fewer American babies are getting them now compared with 20 years ago, new research shows.

The study didn't dig into the reasons for the decline. But experts say the credit likely goes to certain childhood vaccines, rising rates of breast-feeding and the drop in Americans' smoking rate...

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotics can be used to treat mild appendicitis, but the condition returns in some patients who receive the drugs, researchers report.

Surgical removal of the appendix (appendectomy) has long been the standard treatment for appendicitis, which is when the appendix becomes inflamed and infected.

Millions of appendectomies are perf...

TUESDAY, March 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who receive antibiotics during the first six months of life don't seem to gain excess weight by the time they reach the age of 7, a new study suggests.

Antibiotics are the most widely used prescription drugs in children, but little has been known about the long-term health effects in people. Meanwhile, animal studies have linked earl...

WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many kids who develop urinary tract infections tied to the E. coli bacteria are now failing to respond to antibiotic treatment, a new review warns.

The culprit, according to the British researchers: Drug resistance, following years of over-prescribing and misusing antibiotics.

"Antimicrobial resistance is an internationally recog...

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although U.S. hospitals are making gains in the fight against some antibiotic-resistant superbugs, too many people are still getting these infections in health care facilities, federal health officials report.

And the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is urging doctors, nurses and other health care professionals to be at the ...

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The bacteria that causes Lyme disease protects itself from antibiotics by forming a slime-like layer called a biofilm, a new study shows.

In many cases, Lyme disease returns after a patient has completed antibiotic treatment, and this finding may help explain why that occurs, the researchers said.

University of New Haven researcher...

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Wellness Library Results - 4

Remember those high school chemistry experiments in which you mixed two harmless chemicals and got a bizarre reaction? You may be performing a similar experiment on yourself every time you take two medications at the same time. Certain drugs react strongly when taken with others, often causing serious side effects. In rare cases, drug interactions can even be deadly. Drugs can affect each other i...

"I used to stockpile antibiotics," admits Ann Pascual, an editor for an Internet-based company in northern California. "I'd get a prescription, take half of it, and keep the rest. Sometimes I'd give a handful to friends who were sick. Instructions on the label? I don't think I ever really even read them." Fortunately, Pascual suffered no ill consequences from taking antibiotics haphazardly. Barbar...

More than 90,000 Americans contract potentially life-threatening infections every year from drug-resistant staph bacteria, according to the first federal study of invasive disease caused by such infections. The study estimates suggest that drug-resistant staph may kill more than 18,000 people a year in the United States, which would exceed the number of annual deaths caused by AIDS, according to t...

Ever since the arrival of penicillin in the early 1940s, bacteria have been evolving defenses against some of our strongest medicines. As bacteria become increasingly resistant to antibiotic drugs, some experts worry that we could once again find ourselves in the dark ages where common infections are difficult, if not impossible, to treat. Experts say we can regain the upper hand over dangerous ge...

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